Rat Control

Rat
Problems

Rat control is important in order to avoid a number of serious diseases, which rats are known to transmit. The Center for Disease Control lists nearly a dozen diseases directly linked to rats.

Rats can be very persistent and if they manage to gain access to your home or business they can spread these diseases, cause considerable damage and contaminate food. 

Even having rats in the yard and outside can present tremendous risk, particularly since those areas are visited by children and pets.

What is the difference between rats and mice?

There are just two species of rats and one species of mice that have become the most common pests in homes and businesses, and this is due to their ability to adapt to the human environment.

They Are:

  • The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus, also called the common or Norway rat),
  • The black rat (Rattus rattus, also called the roof rat) and

All rodents can commonly be identified by the pair of incisor teeth in their upper jaw. They have shorter legs and long tails, but a closer look at their body characteristics and habits shows that there are recognizable features that you can use to determine which pest is inhabiting your
premises.

Rat Control: How to Deter Rats

Discovering rats in your home or business can be very distressing. Fortunately, there are ways you can exercise rat control and prevent an infestation.

Proofing your home to deny rats entry and removing easy access to food and water can really make a difference. Rats need easy and consistent access to a water source, even though they only drink between 15 – 60ml per day. They will eat almost anything available, but they do prefer to eat small amounts of a variety of different foods.

Rat Prevention Tips

See our rat control tips below on practical ways you can help to prevent a problem:

  • Keep foodstuffs in metal or glass containers with tight-fitting lids.
  • Tidy inside the house and around the garden – less clutter means fewer places to hide.
  • Place outdoor rubbish bags in metal bins with securely fitted lids to stop them from feeding on contents.
  • Clean up pet food and bird seed debris, and store pet food in robust containers with fitted lids – preferably above ground level.
  • Keep gardens free from debris. If you have a compost heap don’t include organic food waste, as this will attract them.

Black
Rat

Brown
Rat

Proofing Your Home

While black rats are good climbers and will happily inhabit lofts, brown rats can climb but tend to burrow more. They are very adept at swimming in sewers and drain systems and both species will gnaw at gaps to enlarge them enough for easy entry.

Rat Proofing

By proofing your home, you will help to make it seem less attractive to rodents. Rats will make the most of any opportunity to enter your home in the search for shelter and food.

Fit strips to the bottom of doors and weather-stripping around exterior doors as a form of rat control. Young rats can squeeze through small gaps under doorways and will also use cat flaps to enter. They will enlarge gaps by gnawing to enter homes via integral garages.

Fill holes or small openings (around utility cables or pipe work) with stainless steel wire wool and caulking or concrete. Steel or aluminium plating can be used. Rats can jump, so check up to a height of about 1.2m. 

Repair roof damage and use wire mesh to seal gaps. To exercise rat control, trim vegetation away from your home. Rats climb along electrical cables or use overhanging branches to get into loft spaces and attics through gaps in broken roof tiles or under eaves

keep toilet seat lids closed. Rats have been known to swim up damaged sewer pipes and get round u-bends in toilets. They will also use drain pipes and drainage outlets. Use tightly fitting metal grates or screens to cover drains, especially in basement areas. Check that all drain pipes are in good working order.

Effective Rat Control

For effective rat control a Stallion Pest Control technician will conduct a free survey of your premises to determine the best solution.